October 28, 2011
Samuel Ryan Curtis was born on a farm in Clinton County, New York in 1805. While he did graduate from West Point in 1831 he left the military soon after and went on to pursue a broad range of careers, including lawyer, civil engineer and Congressman for Iowa. As a supporter of the American Central Railroad he also went on to work on the Pacific Railroad including introducing the legislation that would become the Pacific Railway Act signed into law by President Lincoln on July 2, 1862. He is however most well known for his military career. Samuel Curtis fought in both the Mexican War and the Civil War. He was the Union General in charge of the victory at the Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, the capture of Helena, and repelling General Price’s 1864 invasion of Missouri and Kansas.
After the Civil War General Curtis went on to promote the Transcontinental Railroad and was hired as a government consultant concerning track construction by the Union Pacific Railroad. He died on December 26, 1866 shortly after inspecting Union Pacific Railroad track near Council Bluffs, Iowa.
The Union Pacific Railroad Museum’s collection has several items of Samuel Curtis’s; including some from his military career. The Uniform coat pictured here, is an Officers Dress Tail Coat and was worn by Curtis when he served as a Colonel of the Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Mexican War.
The Epaulettes were also owned by Curtis and the single star indicates that he was a Brigadier General when he wore them. It is therefore most likely that he wore them during the Battle at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, in 1862. The 150th Anniversary of the battle is in March of 2012 and both of Curtis’s epaulettes and a sash from the Union Pacific Collection will be on temporary loan to the Pea Ridge National Monument for almost a year.
Nov. 01 A calumet, from the French word chalumet, meaning reed or flute, is a profoundly sacred object to many Native American tribes.
Oct. 08 A treasured artifact from the Union Pacific Historical Collection has recently come to light after being in the Washington D.C. office for more than a decade without any real attention to its unique provenance and history.
Some artifacts tell a story just by looking at them. One the most powerful pieces in the Union Pacific Historical Collection is a 1920s railroad police badge worn by Cheyenne, Wyo., Agent Jess Sitton.
Located about 20 miles east of Laramie, Wyo., the Ames Monument was erected at what was once the highest elevation on Union Pacific's line, Sherman Summit.
The Union Pacific Railroad Museum turns 10 in a 110 year old Library
Among the many photographers represented in Union Pacific's vast photography collection, one of the earliest and more prolific was Andrew J. Russell.
The Uniform coat pictured here, is an Officers Dress Tail Coat and was worn by Curtis when he served as a Colonel of the Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Mexican War.
This chair is originally from the law office of Lincoln and Herndon in Springfield, Ill., where Lincoln practiced law from 1843 to about 1852.